Timeline for Birkenhead Priory & St. Marys Church.
l200-1250 Priory church rebuilt
1275 Royal visit by Edward I
1277 Royal visit by Edward I
1284 Prior applies to divert road around Priory buildings.
1318 Prior petitions for a hostel. Royal Charter.
1330 Royal Charter from Edward III leads to building of Great Hall
l375 Scriptorium built
1381 Only 5 monks at Priory
1496 Only 5 monks at Priory
1518 Only 7 monks at Priory
1536 Dissolution of monasteries by Henry VIII
1544 Ralph Worsley bought Priory lands
1573 Ralph Worsley died, succeeded by Alice (daughter) who marries
1600 Manor house built on site of old hostel, called 'The Priory'
1644 Priory occupied by Royalists & fortified - lost to
1660 Manor house rebuilt
1713 John Cleveland bought Priory lands
1716 Priory lands inherited by Alice Cleveland (daughter) who marries
Francis Price [3 pillars & arches of Priory church still
1787 Old Chester Road made into a turnpike road across Tranmere
1801 Birkenhead's population 110
1815 First steam ferry to Liverpool
Manor house altered & extended
1820 Birkenhead Hotel opened
1822 St Mary's Church opened
1824 William Laird moves to Birkenhead
1831 Birkenhead's population 3,434
1832 St Mary's church extended
1839 Tithe barn blown down
1841 Birkenhead's population 8,223
1842 Ferry rights sold to Town of Birkenhead
1843 Manor house demolished
1844 Foundation stone for Docks
1845 Birkenhead Market opened
1846 Flaybrick Hill cemetery opened, interments slow down
1847 Birkenhead Park & Docks opened
1850 Samuel Spencer Lieut.RN died & buried at
St. Mary's (on board HMS Victory at the battle of Trafalgar).
1854 Vicarage built next to Great Hall
1856 First public library in Birkenhead
1857 Laird's shipyard moves to present site
1861 Birkenhead's population 51,649
1874 John Laird, first Member of Parliament for Birkenhead
buried at St. Mary.
1877 Birkenhead incorporated as a town
1881 Rev. Canon Andrew Knox Vicar of St. Mary's dies.
1886 Mersey Railway tunnel opened
1887 Birkenhead Town Hall opened
1891 Birkenhead's population 99,857
1896 Appeal launched to save Priory from ruin
Priory bought by public subscription & Birkenhead
Borough take responsibility
1898 Restoration completed
1901 Birkenhead's population 110,915
1913 Chapter house & scriptorium restoration begun
1919 Chapter House dedicated as a chapel
1931 Birkenhead's population 147,946
1934 Mersey Road tunnel opened
1941 Scriptorium damaged by incendiary bomb
1949 Scriptorium restored
1951 Birkenhead's population 137,738
1957 J. Doyle Demolition of Liverpool started clearing the graveyard
of St. Mary's.
1962 Princess Dock at Cammell Laird opened
1971 St Mary's Church closed
1975 St Mary's Church demolished, except for tower
1979 Birkenhead Priory becomes a Scheduled Ancient Monument
1986 Restoration of undercroft & buttery begun
1988 Museum opened
1992 Refectory roofed
1996 HMS Conway Chapel opened in scriptorium
2012 Repairs & conservation work begins on what is left of
St. Marys Church.